•                                                          England in the 60s and 70s    


    England in the 60s and 70s    (link)


                                                            Swinging London


    “Swinging London” is a term used to describe the fashion and cultural scene that flourished in London, in the 1960s.



     In English, the wave of the Swinging London which is a real collective creation of the post-war teenagers will destabilize the old moral principles of the old society. 


     Ex:   Film: The Knack (1965- Richard Lester). This film is very representative of England that swings.


     The movement “Swinging London” includes the Music:


    - The Beatles (English)

     - The Rolling Stones (English)

     - British Invasion (American)


    The movement “Swinging London” includes Fashion and Symbols:


     During the time of Swinging London, fashion and photography were featured in Queen magazine.


    Jean Shrimpton has become an icon and the supermodels the best paid in the world. Shrimpton was called "The Face of the '60s", in which she has been considered by many as "the symbol of Swinging London" and the "embodiment of the 1960s". So, the fashion was a symbol of youth culture.


    The British flag, the Union Flag, became a symbol, assisted by events such as England's home victory in the 1966 World Cup.


     The movement “Swinging London” includes Films:


    The phenomenon was featured in films of the time, celebratory and mocking: For exemple: The Knack (1965), Casino Royale (1967)...

     The comedy is also includes: The Boat that Rocked...


    The movement “Swinging London” includes Television:


     One television series that reflected the spirit of Swinging London was The Avengers (1961-1969).


     The movement “Swinging London” includes Book:


    Adam Diment's spy novels featured Philip McAlpine. 


    The family Planning Act 1967 


    The National Health Service (Family Planning) Act of 1967 allowed doctors to give family-planning advice and to prescribe free contraceptives, initially to married women only.

    The Abortion Act: can if two independent medical practitioners agreed that continuance would cause physical or mental risk to the health of the woman or her existing children

    1967: The National Health Service (Family Planning) Act enabled LHAs to give birth control advice, regardless of marital status, on social as well as medical grounds using voluntary organisations such as FPA as their agents if they wished. FPA National Council resolved that branches would be allowed to give advice to the unmarried if they wished. Mr. Robinson K responding to a question in the House of Commons said: should help young girls of 16 who come to the clinic for advice.



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